Career Development Interventions Spencer Niles And Joann Harris
This comprehensive book on modern career development includes theories, assessments, resources, and planning tools to use with clients.
The text includes up-to-date coverage of technologies to help practitioners and clients, including social media for job seeking and to assist the interview process.
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Career Counseling Treatment Plan
While career counseling should be specific and individual to the client, assessments and interventions typically include the following five stages :
Each stage may take place over multiple sessions and should be revisited as new understandings and information arise.
How To Make A Career Choice
Making a strategic decision regarding your future career helps ensure that you’ll find satisfaction with your position in the workforce. As you make your career choice, consider your interests and unique skill set to help you find a career you can succeed in. Use these steps to make the right career choice:
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So How Do You Gain Satisfaction And Meaning From Your Work
Ultimately, when it comes to finding satisfaction at work, you have two choices:
1. You can choose or change careers to something that you love and are passionate about.
2. You can find purpose and joy in a job that you dont love.
Whether youre just leaving school, finding opportunities limited in your current position or, like many in this economy, facing unemployment, it may be time to reconsider your chosen career.
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List Your Key Uncertainties
Try to identify the information that is most likely to change your ranking.
The questions people most commonly ask us are often not actually decision relevant. Frequently, people focus on big picture questions that are too hard to settle, so thinking about them is unlikely to change their ranking. Its also easy to get lost ruminating about the huge variety of issues that can be relevant. Try to focus on the questions that are most relevant.
Some useful questions to consider include:
- How could you most easily rule out your top option?
- If you had to decide your career tomorrow for the rest of your life, what would you do today?
- What were you most uncertain about in making your ranking? Do any of those uncertainties seem easy to resolve?
Some of the most common questions are things like:
- Would I enjoy this job?
- Could I get this job?
- What skills are required to get this job?
- How pressing is this problem compared to other issues you could work on?
- How much influence would you really have in this position?
Try to make the questions as specific as possible.
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Behavioral Job Interview Questions Usually Start With:
- Give me an example of
- Tell me about a time when you
- What do you do when
- Describe situations where
This type of interview questions focuses on your past behavior in professional work settings. The reason for asking behavioral job interview questions instead of just asking traditional ones is that the most accurate predictor of future performance is your past performance in similar situations.
During your job interview, the interviewer wants to discuss previous work situations and wants you to elaborate on them. This is also the reason that you should prepare your examples prior to the interview. Ensure that you provide the interviewer the situation you were in, your task in that situation, the action you took, and the specific results that can come out of those actions. In short, this is called the STAR-method of providing an answer. The STAR method is discussed in more detail later on in this article.
When Changing Careers Isnt A Realistic Option
For many of us, career dreams are just that: dreams. The practical realities of paying the bills and putting food on the table and the kids through school mean that you have to spend 40 hours every week doing a job that you dont enjoy. Or maybe you have to juggle multiple jobs, as well as school or family commitments, just to get by in todays economy. The idea of making a career change may seem about as realistic as choosing to become a professional athlete or an astronaut.
Still, getting up every morning dreading the thought of going to work, then staring at the clock all day willing it to be time to leave can take a real toll on your health. It can leave you feeling agitated, irritable, disillusioned, helpless, and completely worn outeven when youre not at work. In fact, having a monotonous or unfulfilling job can leave you just as vulnerable to stress and burnout as having one that keeps you rushed off your feet, and it can be just as harmful to your overall mental health as being unemployed.
Try to find some value in your role. Even in some mundane jobs, you can often focus on how your position helps others, for example, or provides a much needed product or service. Focus on aspects of the job that you do enjoyeven if its just chatting with your coworkers at lunch. Changing your attitude towards your job can help you regain a sense of purpose and control.
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Identify Your Skills And Interests
Choosing a career is a big deal. You’ll spend a significant amount of your life at work and so in order to enjoy your job, remain motivated and fulfil your potential, you need to make your career choices wisely.
You first need to know yourself. This means taking stock of your skills and assessing your interests and values.
It’s important to understand your range of skills and knowledge, so you can see if they’re a good fit for the job you’d like to do. Being aware of the skills you have also helps to highlight any gaps that may need to be filled to achieve your goals.
Make a list of all your transferable and specialist skills, with examples of when you’ve demonstrated each. An honest assessment of your skills, values and interests will prove useful when narrowing down your options in the next step. You can also see where you measure up in terms of the skills employers are looking for.
Consider where you are now, where you want to be and how you’re going to get there when it comes to fulfilling your career aspirations. If choosing a career has left you feeling lost, start by asking yourself the following questions:
- What am I good at?
- What are my interests, motivations and values?
- What did I most enjoy at university?
- What kind of lifestyle do I want?
- What do I want from my career?
- What is important to me?
If you’re struggling to identify your strengths, weaknesses and character traits, taking practice psychometric tests could bring them to light.
Why Do You Want To Change Careers
As stated earlier, you will undoubtedly get asked this question. Make sure you have solid answers ready that emphasize that you want this new career. Also, demonstrate that you fully understand what this new job, and career entails.
Approach the interview with a positive attitude and avoid badmouthing previous employers or bosses. The interviewer can also ask this question in different ways, for instance, why do you want to leave your job?
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What Are My Transferable Career Skills
To discover your transferable career skills, consider the following:
Dont limit yourself to just your experiences at work. When you are thinking about your skills, consider all types of activities including volunteering, hobbies, and life experiences. For example, even if you dont have formal leadership or program planning experience, founding a book club or organizing a toy drive are ways that you have been putting these skills into practice.
List your accomplishments that might fit. Dont worry about formatting these skills for a resume at this point. You just want to start thinking about the skills you have. It can be a tremendous confidence booster to realize all of the talents youve developed.
Brainstorm with trusted friends, colleagues, or mentors. They may be able to identify transferable skills youve overlooked or help you better articulate these skills in the future.
General Elements To Consider When Structuring Your Answer:
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Make Your Best Guess And Then Prepare To Adapt
At some point, youll need to make a decision. If youre lucky, one of your options will be clearly better than the others. Otherwise, the decision will be tough.
Dont be too hard on yourself: the aim is to make the best choice you can given the evidence available. If youve been through the process above then you have put yourself in a position to make a well-considered decision.
Here are some further steps you can take to reduce downsides.
What If Ive Already Lost My Job
Being unemployed or underemployed can be tremendously stressful. It can increase the pressure of meeting mortgage payments, rent, and other financial obligations. You may feel ashamed for not working, or feel that the loss of your job has stripped you of your identity, both at home and at work. This is especially true if you have worked in the same field for a very long time.
However, unemployment can also have a bright side. It gives you the chance to reflect on your career path. If youve been considering a new field, now is the time to research the options and see what might be the right fit for you. You may end up in a much stronger position than if you had originally kept your job.
Chapter One Vocabulary List For Career Choices
- Highest rating: 4
- Lowest rating: 3
- Descriptions: Chapter Two Vocabulary List for Career Choices susceptible to changes likely to vary. 8 extensive the answer to a problem. 10 median.
- More : Chapter Two Vocabulary List for Career Choices susceptible to changes likely to vary. 8 extensive the answer to a problem. 10 median.
Behavioral Questions About A Career Change
Through these interview questions, they want to find out how you react in work situations but also if and how you adjust to changing environments at work. For instance, when a new system, software, or other technology is introduced. Furthermore, interviewers want to know how you take on new tasks even if these are not part of your job description. By asking certain behavioral questions, interviewers try to assess which candidates are more qualified than others.
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What Do You Know About Our Company
This is a frequently asked interview question in general. However, you should definitely expect this question in an interview about changing careers. To give a solid answer, your task is to thoroughly research the company prior to your interview. Find out who the key players are in the company, such as the CEO. What markets are they in and what products/services do they sell? When and where are they founded? Where are they located? What does their typical customer/client look like?
What Other Companies Are You Interviewing With
If this question comes up, the best thing you can do is say that you would like to keep their names private and that you would do the same for them if another interviewer asks this question. You should, however, be prepared to talk about the types of companies and jobs youre interviewing for. In an ideal situation, you show the interviewer that youre applying for multiple jobs in the same industry. Your goal is to demonstrate that their job opening is exactly the position that youre looking for.
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Step : Take Action And Try Options
Now its time to try out these career options and gain some experience, through internships, part-time jobs at Yale, and experience with student organizations. For example, campus publications need writers as well as staff to manage finances, develop multimedia, create illustrations and take pictures, oversee design and layout, manage printing and distribution, maintain websites, solicit sponsorship, and generate ad revenue.
Best Activities For Individuals & Groups
There are typically four stages to group career counseling :
- What is your earliest memory?
- Describe an important childhood memory .
- Describe an important adolescent memory .
- Describe an important adult memory .
- Describe another important memory .
Understanding a clientâs narrative can help the counselor make more informed decisions regarding future interventions.
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Forming A Picture Of The Client
While there are several approaches to career counseling, the counselor usually begins by forming a picture of the clientâs self-observations and career beliefs. The counselor develops an understanding based on the following :
- How does the client describe themselves?This may include racial-ethnic identity, health and physical status, family situation, educational background, etc.
- How does the client feel about the process of career development or career change?For example, what goals do they or their family have for themselves?
- Are the clientâs beliefs helpful or unhelpful ?
- Which learning experiences have been formative in their career development?It is helpful to be aware of and understand previous roles, past successes, and role models.
Early sessions in career counseling should center around understanding the clientâs current situation, background, and future aspirations.
Being Strategic With Your Career Choices
In a world where everything is constantly evolving, choosing the right career can be a true challenge.
Automation, rising tuition costs and the need for financial security should be substantial considerations during the decision-making process. However, you must also allow other factors to inform your career choice a future-proof career may be a great option in theory, but you must also leverage your natural talents, skills and interests in order to find a career that is truly fitting for you.
So, while you should be pragmatic with your decision, you must also consider your personal ambitions and goals to find a career that is both expedient and exciting.
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Tip : Manage Your Career Transition
Pace yourself and dont take on too much at once. Career change doesnt happen overnight, and it is easy to get overwhelmed with all the steps to successfully make the transition. However, you will get there with commitment and motivation. Break down large goals into smaller ones, and try to accomplish at least one small thing a day to keep the momentum going.
Ease slowly into your new career. Take time to network, volunteer, and even work part-time in your new field before committing fully. It will not only make for an easier transition, but you will have time to ensure that you are on the right path and make any necessary changes before working full-time in your new field.
Take care of yourself. You might be feeling so busy with the career transition that you barely have time to sleep or eat. However, managing stress, eating right, and taking time for sleep, exercise, and loved ones will ensure you have the stamina for the big changes ahead.
Consider How To Order Your Options
When doing the above exercise, you might realise its much easier to switch from option X to Y, than from Y to X i.e. that option X is more reversible than Y.
For instance, after completing a PhD, everyone in academia agrees that if you leave, its hard to re-enter. This is because getting a permanent academic position is very competitive, and any sign that youre not committed will rule you out . This means that if youre unsure about continuing with academia after your PhD, its often best to continue.
If you havent started a PhD, and want to try something else, then its best to do that before you start.
It can sometimes be better to enter the more reversible option, even if youre less confident its best. If youre right and it doesnt work out, you can go back to your top option later anyway.
Ask yourself whether thinking about ordering should cause you to rerank your options.
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